Creation of Global Temporary Tables

Sunday, 7 April 2013

Creation of Global Temporary Tables


The data in a global temporary table is private, such that data inserted by a session can only be accessed by that session. The session-specific rows in a global temporary table can be preserved for the whole session, or just for the current transaction. The ON COMMIT DELETE ROWS clause indicates that the data should be deleted at the end of the transaction.

CREATE GLOBAL TEMPORARY TABLE temp_tab (
  column1  NUMBER,
  column2  NUMBER
) ON COMMIT DELETE ROWS;

In contrast, the ON COMMIT PRESERVE ROWS clause indicates that rows should be preserved until the end of the session.

CREATE GLOBAL TEMPORARY TABLE temp_tab (
  column1  NUMBER,
  column2  NUMBER
) ON COMMIT PRESERVE ROWS;

Unlike permanent tables, temporary tables and their indexes do not automatically allocate a segment when they are created. Instead, segments are allocated when the first INSERT (or CREATE TABLE AS SELECT) is performed. Therefore, if a SELECT, UPDATE, or DELETE is performed before the first INSERT, then the table appears to be empty.

DDL operations (except TRUNCATE) are allowed on an existing temporary table only if no session is currently bound to that temporary table.

If you rollback a transaction, the data you entered is lost, although the table definition persists.
A transaction-specific temporary table allows only one transaction at a time. If there are several autonomous transactions in a single transaction scope, each autonomous transaction can use the table only as soon as the previous one commits.

Because the data in a temporary table is, by definition, temporary, backup and recovery of temporary table data is not available in the event of a system failure. To prepare for such a failure, you should develop alternative methods for preserving temporary table data.

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